Card 75 - Reading
Раздел 2 (задания по Чтению)
|9||Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами и их заголовками: к каждому тексту, обозначенному буквами А-G, подберите соответствующий заголовок, обозначенный цифрами 1-8. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.|
|1. Walking along the sea||5. Plants from all over the world|
|2. The great market place||6. A literary corner|
|3. The way to get to the city||7. The advantage of the location|
|4. How the city got its name||8. Political summit|
|A||According to ancient history, Yalta was founded by the Greeks in the 1st century. The legend says that Greek sailors lost their way because of a storm. They were looking for the shore for a long time. When finally they saw the shore, they decided to call it yalos, which meant shore in their language. The word Yalta as the name of the settlement has been in use since the 15th century.|
|B||The City of Yalta is a famous resort in southern Crimea. The city lies between the Black Sea and the main range of the Crimean Mountains. As Yalta is surrounded by hills, the city has a very mild climate with warm autumns, rainy winters, cool springs and hot summers. However, since the city is on the sea shore, the summer weather rarely becomes extremely hot, due to the cool sea breezes.|
|C||The oldest and longest street in Yalta is its famous embankment (the Sea Promenade). The beautiful, wide street runs along Yalta harbour. It is closed to cars and people enjoy walking there in any season of the year. There is a cinema, a concert hall, a drama theatre, some museums, and a lot of cafés and restaurants in the area. In the evenings, the Sea Promenade turns into the busiest street in the city.|
|D||This man-made park covers 11 square kilometres and is recognized as a masterpiece of landscape art. The history of the Nikitsky Botanical Garden started almost 200 years ago, in 1812. The founder of the Garden, a prominent Russian botanist, C. Steven, brought together samples of fauna from different regions of Europe, Asia, and America. Today, thanks to the large collection of rare species of flowers, bushes and trees, the Nikitsky Garden is one the most famous botanical gardens in the world.|
|E||Livadia Palace, the former royal residence, is one of Yalta’s most visited landmarks. It was there that, in February 1945, the famous Yalta Conference of the Big Three Powers – the Soviet Union, the USA and Great Britain – was held. Important issues about the end of World War II and arrangement of the postwar world were discussed and agreed at that conference. Now this place is visited by tourists from all over the world.|
|F||There is neither an airport nor a railway station in Yalta. Tourists often get to the capital of Crimea, Simferopol, and then take a car to Yalta. Some tourists prefer a journey on the Crimean trolleybus. It is the world’s longest trolleybus route, and is 86 kilometres long. The trolley journey from Simferopol to Yalta takes about 3 hours. The trolleybus takes the tourists through the mountains and valleys, providing breathtaking views.|
|G||The City of Yalta is associated with the name of the famous Russian writer, Anton Chekhov, who spent 5 years there. In 1898 he bought a nice house (the White Dacha) in Yalta. There was a wonderful garden around the house. The writer, who was a keen gardener, made a plan for the garden and planted trees, bushes and flowers there. There he wrote his famous short stories and plays such as ‘Three Sisters’ and ‘The Cherry Orchard’. Later, the White Dacha was turned into a museum.|
Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами
|Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 10-17 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 - True), какие не соответствуют (2 - False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 - Not stated). В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.|
Anne Frank was a Jewish girl who became famous after her death when her wartime diary was published.
Anne was born on June 12th, 1929 in Frankfurt, Germany to Otto Frank and Edith Frank. Anne was the youngest of two sisters. When the Nazis gained control of Germany and the danger to Jewish people increased, her family emigrated to the Netherlands. Anne was four at that time.
On May 10th, 1940, after the outbreak of World War II, German armies invaded the Netherlands. The danger was getting very close to the Jewish family. Soon Anne's older sister, Margot, got a note from the new authorities. She had to go to a German work camp. However, Margot did not obey. Instead, the Franks went to a secret hiding place which they had prepared beforehand.
They hid in a small annex, an extra building added to a house. Later Anne called it the Secret Annex. Together with the Franks, there were eight people in the Secret Annex. The entrance to the annex was hidden behind a moveable bookcase. While hiding, the Franks could not go outside. They had to stay quiet so that the neighbours did not guess that there was anybody in the annex. The Franks lived in constant fear of what would happen if they were discovered.
Anne started writing her diary on her thirteenth birthday. The diary would later be published as The Diary of Anne Frank. In her diary, Anne wrote about her thoughts, and about her life in the Secret Annex. Most of her diary was written in the form of letters to a person named Kitty. Anne also wrote short stories and collected quotes from other writers in her notebook. The girl had dreams of becoming a journalist or a writer.
The Franks spent 2 years in the Secret Annex. When Anne was 15 years old, the Secret Annex where they had been hiding was discovered. It is believed that someone betrayed them. On 4th August 1944, all those in the Secret Annex were arrested.
They were sent to Auschwitz, a concentration camp. It was a death camp. Anne was sent to the same barracks as her sister and her mother. Their father, Otto, was separated from his family, and never saw his daughters or his wife again. Anne and her sister survived several months in difficult conditions, working hard.
Later, Anne and her sister were sent to another concentration camp. Anne died there in March, 1945. She was only 15 years old. It is believed that she died of typhoid.
All the inhabitants of the Secret Annex, except Otto Frank, died in the concentration camps. He returned to Amsterdam and found the diary of his daughter. Two years later, in 1947, he published Anne's diary.
The book, The Diary of Anne Frank, impressed people a lot. There have been more than 30 million copies sold. It was translated into 67 languages and it was adapted for both the theatre and the cinema.
The address where Anne Frank and her family hid was Prinsengracht 263 in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Now there is a museum (the Anne Frank House) where people can see the actual house she lived in while in hiding. Approximately one million people visit the Anne Frank House each year.
|10||Anne was older than her sister, Margot.
|11||The Secret Annex was not far from the house where the Franks lived in Amsterdam.
|12||The Frank family shared their hiding place with other people.
|13||Kitty was Anne’s cousin.
|14||Anne Frank wanted to become an actress.
|15||All the people who were hiding in the Secret Annex were arrested by the Nazis.
|16||After the war, the book The Diary of Anne Frank was published in different languages.
|17||The Anne Frank House museum is located in Germany.