Card 64 - Reading
Раздел 2 (задания по Чтению)
|9||Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами и их заголовками: к каждому тексту, обозначенному буквами А-G, подберите соответствующий заголовок, обозначенный цифрами 1-8. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.|
|1. An underwater accident||5. The first project for an alternative route|
|2. The great engineering achievement||6. Great work to complete the project|
|3. Ways of travelling through the tunnel||7. Meeting in the centre|
|4. An inaccurate name||8. Safety tips while travelling|
|A||The Channel Tunnel (or Chunnel) is a long tunnel between England and France under the English Channel. The Channel Tunnel is the longest undersea tunnel in the world. The section under the sea is 38km long and the entire length is 50.5km. At its lowest point it is 75 metres deep. The tunnel was recognised as one of the ‘Seven Wonders of the Modern World’ by the American Society of Civil Engineers.|
|B||For centuries, crossing the English Channel via boat had been considered a miserable task. The windy weather and choppy water made travellers seasick. So, in 1802, French engineer Albert Favier proposed to dig a tunnel under the water of the channel. Favier’s plan was adopted by French leader Napolean Bonaparte. But the British rejected the plan. They feared that Napoleon wanted to build the tunnel in order to invade England.|
|C||At the end of the 20th century the idea was revived. The digging of the Channel Tunnel began simultaneously from the British and the French coasts. The most difficult task was making sure that both the British side of the tunnel and the French side actually met up in the middle. Special lasers and surveying equipment were used. On December 1, 1990, the meeting of the two sides was officially celebrated. For the first time in history, Great Britain and France were connected.|
|D||Although the meeting of the two sides of the service tunnel was a cause for great celebration, it certainly wasn't the end of the Channel Tunnel building project. Crossover tunnels, land tunnels from the coast to the terminals, electrical systems, fireproof doors, the ventilation system, and train tracks all had to be added. Also, large train terminals had to be built at Folkestone in Great Britain and Coquelles in France.|
|E||It took 13,000 engineers and technicians to construct the tunnel. However, it is wrong to call it a tunnel, as there are actually three tunnels. There are two running tunnels, one each way. Additionally, there is a smaller service tunnel, with a crossover in the middle, in case there’s an emergency so the trains can actually change to either side. The tunnels themselves are about 50 meters below the seabed.|
|F||A fire erupted on November 18th, 1996 in the Channel Tunnel as the Eurostar train was racing through the southern tunnel. The corridor was filled with smoke and the majority of passengers were overwhelmed with fumes. Fortunately, they were all rescued after 20 minutes, but the fire continued to rage. It ended up damaging both the tunnel and the train before it was completely put out.|
|G||There are two options to travel through the tunnel. You can either go on a passenger train, the Eurostar, which departs from London, Paris and Brussels city centres. Or you can go on the drive-on service, called the Eurotunnel Shuttle, starting close to the tunnel entrance where you drive your car or truck onto special rail cars. The Eurostar takes about 2 hours and 15 minutes to travel from London to Paris.|
Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами
|Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 10-17 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 - True), какие не соответствуют (2 - False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 - Not stated). В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.|
People from all over the world like the taste of chocolate. It’s the most popular dessert and snack. You may like dark or light chocolate, you may prefer it plain or with nuts, but whatever your tastes are, you will certainly enjoy the chocolate produced by the Hershey Company.
Hershey chocolate became famous all over the world thanks to a quiet but very hard-working and generous person – Milton Hershey, the founder of the company.
Milton Hershey grew up in Pennsylvania, USA. His mother wanted him to learn practical skills. She believed practice is more important than college education. So when Milton finished the fourth grade, she arranged for him to become a printer’s assistant. But Milton didn’t like the job and left it soon after. In a while he became an assistant in a candy factory. He helped to make candy and became very successful at it.
After a few years of training, Milton understood that he wanted to start his own business. He borrowed some money from his aunt and set up a small candy shop. For five long years Milton Hershey worked extremely hard but had no success. He invested in the business more money than he made from it. Finally, he closed the shop and found work with a candy maker again. It was there that he discovered caramel and how fresh milk could be used to make it.
In 1883 Milton Hershey got back to the idea of his own business. He bought the equipment and started the Lancaster Caramel Company. Success soon followed. Within a few years, Milton Hershey had a growing business and was selling his caramels all over the country. At that time he became focused on milk chocolate, which in those days was an expensive dessert imported from Switzerland. Milton Hershey was determined to find a new formula for the product that could allow him to manufacture milk chocolate in large amounts and sell it countrywide.
So, in 1900 Milton Hershey sold his caramel company for $1,000,000 dollars and started up a chocolate factory. In fact it was more than a factory. Milton Hershey built a whole town around the factory – with houses, schools, churches, and stores. He wanted the people who worked in his factory to live nearby and feel comfortable. The factory was focused on producing the Nickel Bar, a relatively cheap chocolate bar that everyone could afford. Later, Hershey Kisses were added. These delicious, bite-sized pieces of chocolate were named after Milton Hershey himself.
As success and profits rose, Milton Hershey invested more money in the infrastructure of his town and added a sports arena, a stadium, and a school for orphaned children.
Milton Hershey died in Hershey, Pennsylvania, in 1945, one year after his retirement as chairman of the board. He was 88 years old. By the end of his life Hershey had donated most of his money to his town and the school for orphans. His chocolate factory remains the largest in the world. The town of Hershey is still home to about 12,000 people and draws more than 30 million visitors each year. They come to see the famous Hershey Park, which boasts a roller coaster, Ferris wheel and other rides. The factory tours draw more visitors annually than the White House. Guests can take a tour through a mock chocolate factory that includes a ride through a simulated roasting oven, and eating samples of Hershey chocolate.
|10||The Hershey company was named after the man who had started it.
|11||Milton Hershey tried some other jobs before he started making chocolate.
|12||Milton Hershey’s aunt ran a successful business of her own.
|13||Milton Hershey closed his first shop because it did not make money.
|14||Milton Hershey produced his chocolate in strict accordance with the Swiss recipe.
|15||The Nickel Bar was expensive chocolate for elite customers.
|16||Milton Hershey gave lots of money to charity projects.
|17||It was Milton Hershey’s idea to create Hershey Park.