Card 59 - Reading
Раздел 2 (задания по Чтению)
|9||Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами и их заголовками: к каждому тексту, обозначенному буквами А-G, подберите соответствующий заголовок, обозначенный цифрами 1-8. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.|
|1. Wait for your turn!||5. A thousand apologies|
|2. Visiting British friends||6. Presents are always appreciated!|
|3. Give way to others!||7. Being polite at the first meeting|
|4. Respecting the older generation||8. Modern technology creates new rules|
|A||In most houses in Britain, the doors are usually kept closed. The common way to see people is at a pre-arranged time and day. Generally, people are not comfortable if you just drop in. Nevertheless, if someone says to drop in at anytime, feel free to do so as long as it is not in the middle of the night. When you go into someone’s house, do take your hat off (men only).|
|B||In Britain the handshake is a common form of greeting. When you meet people for the first time, it is normal to shake hands with men and women – there are no issues over gender in Britain. The usual formal greeting is ‘How do you do?’ Remember it is a greeting not a question, and to respond you need to repeat ‘How do you do?’ In Britain it is not usual to embrace or kiss the other person, unless they are family or a very close friend.|
|C||Whether at the supermarket, train station, or a concert, people across the UK often form neat and tidy lines, awaiting their turn at the front. British people take waiting in line (called ‘queuing’) incredibly seriously. The worst mistake one can make is queue-jumping – pushing ahead in the line. This will always be met with disapproval from those who wait patiently. The British think that waiting with good humour is a sign of strong moral character.|
|D||No guide to etiquette would be complete without mentioning the British love of apologising. If you accidentally bump into someone, say ‘sorry’. They probably will say it too, even if it was your fault! Foreigners are often surprised when they find two British standing in front of each other and offering their apologies for being in the other’s way – no matter who is at fault.|
|E||On all escalators but especially those in tube stations, you stand on the right side of the escalator and leave room for people to walk past you on the left. Commuters are far too impatient to wait for the escalator to make its way to the top or the bottom, and they need to be able to rush by you. If you are in their way, they will never forgive you.|
|F||During birthday and Christmas celebrations, it is common for the British to exchange gifts between family members and close friends. The gift does not need to be expensive, but it should demonstrate an attempt to find something really special. When invited to someone’s home, it is normal to take along a box of good chocolates or flowers. Note that gifts are opened when received!|
|G||As we tend to use our mobile phones everywhere, it is important to observe some unwritten etiquette about electronic devices. Avoid making and receiving calls when you are in a hospital or in the theatre. Using a mobile phone at the dinner table is considered impolite. Remember that speaking loudly when making a call, especially on public transport, is considered very improper too.|
Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами
|Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 10-17 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 - True), какие не соответствуют (2 - False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 - Not stated). В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.|
A coffee town
Adjuntas is a small coffee town in the Valley of the Sleeping Giant high in the mountains of Puerto Rico. It is about two hours by car westward from the capital of the country, San Juan.
A deep love of the land and its customs fills Adjuntas. Local people say their families have lived in this town ‘since forever’. Time flows slowly and peacefully. The citizens do not like changes, they value a simple and steady life and observe traditions.
To save their traditional lifestyle, several years ago, the local people had to fight their own government in order to prevent a destructive business initiative. The thing is that the mountains surrounding Adjuntas are rich with gold, silver and zinc and the Puerto Rican government wanted to start mining for these mineral resources. It meant that large areas of green woods and lots of freshwater lakes would disappear.
People fought to keep their land untouched despite the promise of new jobs and high salaries. The citizens of the town preferred making money from their traditional business – growing coffee and selling it all around Puerto Rico and even abroad. The government agreed to meet their demands and transformed the mining project into a national park, El Bosque del Pueblo. Opened in 1998, the park runs a special eco programme where the young and old people of Adjuntas plant trees and take care of them. ‘Learning to manage the forest has been a wonderful new experience for us,’ said Tinti Deya, a 67-year-old local resident. ‘It’s another world where we’re like children doing everything for the first time, we forget that we’re already grandmothers.’
Grandmothers are everywhere in Adjuntas and they’re all respectfully addressed as Dofia. Lala Echevarria, an 85-year-old great-great-grandmother, was born on the oldest street, where she still lives in a small, clean and tidy home. Dofia Lala grew up before there was electricity and running water, and remembers when the first car arrived in Adjuntas. ‘As a child, I used to spend all my time carrying water, looking for firewood, looking after the chickens and the cows,’ she said. ‘There were sixteen of us. We would wash our clothes in the river and we used to cook on an open fire. At meal times, we kids would sit on the floor to eat.’ Dofia Lala was working as a cleaning lady when she met and married the love of her life, Mariano, the mechanic. They had thirteen children and shared 44 years of happiness before he died in 1983. Such life stories are common in Adjuntas.
|10||It’s easier to reach Adjuntas by car than by train.
|11||The life in Adjuntas has always been intense and dynamic.
|12||The people of Adjuntas supported the government’s project of mining for mineral resources.
|13||The town of Adjuntas is a coffee producing area.
|14||El Bosque del Pueblo is the largest national park in Puerto Rico.
|15||Dofia is a special name for granddaughters in Adjuntas.
|16||Lala Echevarria is the oldest person in Adjuntas.
|17||Lala Echevarria is now a widow.