Card 49 - Reading
Раздел 2 (задания по Чтению)
|9||Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами и их заголовками: к каждому тексту, обозначенному буквами А-G, подберите соответствующий заголовок, обозначенный цифрами 1-8. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.|
|1. Troll on the stage||5. From screen to book|
|2. Computer-based versions||6. A new type of a character|
|3. Old stories in a new way||7. An award-winning cartoon|
|4. Enjoyable parodies of Hollywood hits||8. Similar to a real person|
|A||Somewhere in a far-away magic kingdom there lived a beautiful princess and a prince and animals who could talk like humans. This is a typical plot for many fairy tales. In 1990, a short story for children about Shrek, a big green troll, appeared. Unlike previous heroes he looked ugly and scary but had a big, kind heart. In 2001, DreamWorks studio made the first animated Shrek cartoon that was followed by three full-length ones.|
|B||The story of the troll called Shrek became very popular, especially with children. All the characters of the cartoons are easy to remember and have a good sense of humour. The cartoons are full of episodes about friendship, good and evil, love, and family values. The cartoons present an amusing mixture of traditional fairy tales and real-life events familiar to everyone.|
|C||Few people know that Shrek’s appearance copies that of Maurice Tillet, called the ‘French Angel’. He was a famous professional French boxer and wrestler of the 20th century. Unfortunately, at the age of twenty he got a rare disease which changed his body and appearance. It made him look like a huge troll but, in contrast to the cartoon character, Maurice Tillet was highly intelligent – he spoke fourteen languages and was good at writing prose.|
|D||Several scenes in cartoons about Shrek are based on scenes from famous films. For example, the ‘Welcome to Duloc’ song sounds like the popular Disney tune ‘It’s a Small World’. During the fight between Fiona and Robin Hood’s men, the camera moves as in ‘The Matrix’. There are hints of the ‘The Lord of the Rings’ and ‘Mission Impossible’.|
|E||The famous story was also made into a Broadway show, ‘Shrek the Musical’. Technically, the musical is not the same as the movie but it has its advantages. Children and adults enjoy seeing celebrities in the roles of Shrek and Princess Fiona. The success of the musical was also based on a nice combination of new and old popular songs.|
|F||The stories about the green troll and his friends are for all ages. Teenagers and grown-ups may enjoy modern computer games about Shrek. Computer stories have attractive design and dynamic plots, so gamers and fans will not be bored. Though the images of Shrek and Fiona are a bit different from the film, they are quickly recognizable.|
|G||Reading is Shrek’s favourite hobby. He reads in nearly every film. In the final movie, he puts a volume on the shelf where the viewer may notice a cover with the name of the next DreamWorks film, ‘Puss in Boots’. In the end, Shrek himself has become a literary character. The first electronic novel based on the cartoons is available on the Internet.|
Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами
|Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 10-17 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 - True), какие не соответствуют (2 - False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 - Not stated). В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.|
The potato comes from the high and cool areas of the Andes of Peru. It began to be grown as food more than 7,000 years ago. When Europeans came to South America, they took the potato back to Europe.
In 1589, Sir Walter Raleigh, an English explorer and historian known for his expeditions to the Americas, first brought the potato to Ireland and planted the new vegetable there. In spite of the fact that the potatoes grew very well in the poor soil of Ireland, it took nearly 200 years for them to become a widely grown crop in Ireland and Great Britain. People didn’t like its unusual appearance and originally bitter taste. Besides, the potato was not mentioned in the Bible and it was often associated with the devil.
According to legend, Sir Walter Raleigh presented potato plants to Queen Elizabeth I. A special royal potato dinner was made and the noble men were invited to taste the new American vegetable. But the royal cooks didn’t know how to cook potatoes: they cut off and threw away the ugly-looking tubers and brought to the royal table a dish of boiled leaves (which are very poisonous). Most of the guests died after that royal dinner and potatoes were forbidden for many years.
Only two hundred years later farmers in Great Britain and Ireland began growing potatoes. Soon the rest of Europe started to follow Britain. The only country which did not accept potatoes was France. To overcome the negative attitude of the French people towards the new vegetable, King Louis XVI started to wear a potato flower as a decoration. He tried to make the people understand the benefit of potatoes as food. Even after the French king had given an order to his citizens to grow potatoes, they still were against the unfamiliar vegetable. The farmers refused to eat potatoes because of its unusual smell and taste. Then King Louis XVI decided to trick his people. In order to show the value of the potato, the king ordered to have it planted in a royal field and put guards to watch over the field. When the local farmers saw the guards at the royal field, they decided that the thing so carefully guarded must be valuable. One day, the guards were allowed to go off duty. The local farmers went into the field, dug out some potatoes and planted them in their fields. The king’s plan was a success. From this small start, the habit of growing and eating potatoes spread all over the country.
As Europeans began to grow potatoes, they realized the advantages of the new vegetable. The potato harvest was enough to feed their own families and to sell some to the citizens of towns and cities. The new food stimulated the development of cities and industries. Besides, the health of the people improved as they included potatoes in their diets. Now the potato is grown and enjoyed everywhere.
|10||Potatoes were the basic food for the people of Peru.
|11||The British people liked potatoes at once.
|12||The potato dish for the royal dinner was prepared in a wrong way.
|13||King Louis XVI supported the idea of growing potatoes for food.
|14||It was necessary to wear potato flowers for royal ceremonies in France.
|15||French farmers stole some potatoes from the King’s field.
|16||The potato helped the development of the European countries.
|17||Nowadays the potato is the most popular vegetable in Europe.