Card 48 - Reading
Раздел 2 (задания по Чтению)
|9||Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами и их заголовками: к каждому тексту, обозначенному буквами А-G, подберите соответствующий заголовок, обозначенный цифрами 1-8. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.|
|1. The key element||5. A good offer|
|2. Ecologically friendly||6. Suitable even for small kids|
|3. Play and learn||7. A reason for complaint|
|4. A meaningful name||8. Family business|
|A||The company that makes the famous little plastic bricks known as LEGO started as a small shop in the town of Billund in Denmark. It made and sold wooden toys, stepladders, and ironing boards. Soon the business became known as LEGO. It came from the Danish words ‘LEg GOdt’, meaning ‘play well’. Later, it was realized that the original meaning in Latin was ‘I put together’.|
|B||The LEGO Group was founded in 1932 by Ole Kirk Kristiansen. The company has come a long way from a small carpenter’s workshop to a modern, global corporation, the world’s third-largest producer of toys. Lego has passed from father to son and is now owned by a grandchild of the founder. As a child, he often came up with the ideas for new models and Lego sets.|
|C||The company LEGO has been awarded ‘Toy of the Century’ twice. The company owes its success to the traditional Lego brick, which is their main product. The brick in its present form appeared in 1958 and since then has remained the main component of all Lego sets. This little piece of plastic offers unlimited building possibilities. It lets children experiment and try out their creative ideas.|
|D||Windsor LEGOLAND theme park has a wide choice of rides, attractions, shows, shops and cafes. It is a perfect place for a family day out. Those who buy two-day tickets can stay overnight in the LEGO themed hotel in the centre of the park. The hotel is not cheap but you get your second day in LEGOLAND absolutely free. So you can double your fun for the same price.|
|E||Last year Charlotte Benjamin wrote a letter to the Lego Company in which she complained that during a visit to the toy store she noticed that ‘there are lots of Lego boy people and barely any Lego girls.’ She felt sad that, in Lego, girl figures mostly sat at home, went shopping and had no job. At the same time boy figures went on adventures, worked, saved people, and ‘even swam with sharks’.|
|F||Lego Games are a great way of having fun together with family and friends. These sets excite imagination and improve creativity because the child needs to put a game together before he or she can play it. They also develop hand and eye coordination, teach children to follow directions with logic, find scientific and technological solutions. In a fun way these games promote basic ideas of Maths, Geometry and Engineering.|
|G||The LEGO Group releases thousands of sets with a variety of themes. In 1969 the company introduced Lego Duplo designed for children who are 1 to 5 years old. Duplo bricks are twice the length, height and width of traditional Lego bricks. It makes them easier to handle and less likely to be swallowed by younger children. Duplo sets now include farm, zoo, town, castle, and pirate sets.|
Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами
|Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 10-17 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 - True), какие не соответствуют (2 - False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 - Not stated). В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.|
The White House
For more than 200 years, the White House has been known as the symbol of the President's administration, and of the United States.
The history of the White House began when President George Washington signed an Act of Congress in December of 1790 which declared that the federal government would live in a district "not exceeding ten miles square on the river Potomac." The creation of the new American capital began. Later it was named Washington after the first American President.
George Washington, together with the city planner Pierre L'Enfant, chose the place for the new president’s home. A competition was held to find an architect to design the President's House. Nine proposals were handed in, and architect James Hoban won the competition. He proposed to build an impressive three-storey house.
The construction began in October of 1792. Although President Washington watched over the construction of the house, he never lived in it. Originally the White House was grey and was called the Presidential Palace. In 1800, when it was nearly completed, its first residents, President John Adams and his wife moved in. Ever since, each President of the United States has lived in this residence.
The Presidential Palace was seriously damaged in the great fire of 1814. The British invaded Washington and burned many buildings. After the war James Hoban, the original architect, partially rebuilt the President’s home. To cover the marks of the fire, the building was painted white. At various times in history, the building has been known as the President's Palace, the President's House, and the Executive Mansion. President Theodore Roosevelt officially gave it the name of the White House in 1901.
The White House is the president's private home and each president has made his own changes and additions in it. At first the president's office was located in the living area, on the second floor of the White House. When Theodore Roosevelt brought his large family to the White House in 1901, he felt that his office and his home should be completely separated. Two wings were added to the first floor of the building: the East Wing and the West Wing. The President's Office was moved into the West Wing and was called the Oval Office.
In 1805 President Thomas Jefferson opened the house for public tours. However, since September 11, 2001 the public tours have been prohibited.
There are 132 rooms in the residence now. For recreation, the White House has a variety of facilities available to its residents, including a tennis court, a jogging track, a swimming pool, a movie theatre, and a bowling alley.
The garden around the White House was first planted by John Adams, the first resident of the White house. Later it was redesigned by many presidents and their first ladies. The part of the garden outside the Oval Office is used now as a place for official ceremonies.
|10||All the government members approved of the place for the new capital.
|11||The President’s House was built according to George Washington’s design.
|12||George Washington was the first resident of the new President’s Palace.
|13||The White House had several names during its history.
|14||President Theodore Roosevelt enlarged the territory of the White House.
|15||Nowadays the White House is open for tourists on week days.
|16||The White House offers different sport facilities to its residents.
|17||The garden of the White House presents a rich collection of exotic plants.