Урок 11



Аудирование. Говорение. Фразовые глаголы "take, give, pay, bring". Изъявительное наклонение.



Listening & Speaking Practice

A. Listen to the dialogue, copy the tone and emphasis, and remember the notes below.

Listen / Послушай

Title: "Telephone call"
Source: dailystep.com


Level: Upper-Intermediate Level

- Hello, Fosters Limited (Fosters Ltd).

- Hello, I’m calling to speak to Barry Craven in Graphics.

- One moment please, I’ll just put you through. I’m afraid his line’s busy. Would you like to hold?

- No thanks, I would prefer not to as I’m a bit pushed for time at the moment. Could you put me through to his answer machine, please?

- I’m afraid it’s not working right now. We’ve just had the department refurbished and we’re having a few teething problems with the new telephone set-up.

- OK, in that case could you please put me through to someone else in his department?

Notes

1. I’m calling to speak to… = I would like to speak to…

2. in Graphics = in the Graphics department

3. I’ll just put you through (phrasal verb) = I will connect you now

4. I’m afraid his line’s busy. = I am sorry but his telephone is engaged on another call (more formal)

5. Would you like to hold? = Would you like to wait on the telephone? (note: we never actually say it like this!)

6. I’m afraid (more professional) = I’m sorry, but

7. right now = at this moment

8. We’ve just had the department refurbished = We recently got someone to refurbish the department

9. refurbished = modernised and redecorated

10. teething problems (idiom) = start-up (phrasal noun) problems / problems that arise when something is very new. (note: the origin of this idiom is that babies having teething problems when their first teeth appear and cause them pain. When a baby’s first teeth are appearing, the baby is teething.

11. the new telephone set-up (phrasal noun) = the new telephone system

12. in that case = taking into account what you have just told me / in view of the information that I have just been given (much more formal)

13. put me through to (phrasal verb) = connect me to

14. someone else = another person





B. Act the dialogue out. Work in pairs.







C. Read and learn the phrasal verbs and collocations

take

брать


take aback – to be greatly surprised or confuse

take away – to remove

take down – to record something in writing

take for – to suppose wrongly to be

take in – to lead or carry indoors or into a room


take over – to win control of

take up – to continue an activity or speech after interruption

give

давать


give away – to give someone a present or prize; give smth for free of charge

give for – to pay to obtain something


give down – to blow down; to analyze (study)

give in – to yield

give off – to send out (something, especially a liquid, gas, or smell)

give out – to come to an end

give over – to stop

give to – to supply, provide; spend time on something

give up – to stop doing something, get rid of something

pay

платить


pay back – to return

pay in – to make a contribution

pay off – to settle up, count off

pay in – to make a contribution

pay out – to expend, make payment of, rope

pay over – to overpay, pay more than it costs

pay up – to settle up, redeem, extinguish

bring

приносить


bring about – to cause something

bring back – to take back

bring down – to carry or move (someone or something)

bring in – to introduce (an idea)

bring off – to succeed in something difficult

bring on – to cause something or someone to appear

bring out – to produce something


bring up – to educate, raise








Examination Practice

D. Choose the correct answer.

1 When the weather gets warmer, we'll _______ the chairs _______ and have tea in the garden.

a. take … over

b. take … away

c. take … aback

d. take … for



2 They were __________ by his unexpected appearance.

a. taken … away

b. taken … down

c. taken … aback

d. taken … off



3 I'll __________ the story where you left off.

a. take … out

b. take … down

c. take … up

d. take … away



4 I wanted the holiday abroad, but we've had to __________ the idea

a. give … away

b. give … for

c. give … up

d. give … to



5 Send one of the boys to _________ the car __________.

a. bring … in

b. bring … out

c. bring … back

d. bring … down



6 Jim's plan seemed hopeless, but he __________ it __________.

a. brought … off

b. brought … out

c. brought … in

d. brought … back







Examination Practice

E. Fill in the correct particle or preposition in the following sentences.

1. She took my telephone number.

2. Jenny took the story when her sister forgot the next detail

3. Our soldiers have succeeded in taking some important positions.

4. She gave all the money to the poor.

5. What would you give me this used car?

6. The old song certainly brings memories.

7. The Food Association has brought a handy guide.







F. Read and learn Grammar topic.

Indicative Mood. (Изъявительное наклонение)


Так же как, и в русском языке, в английском языке существует 3 наклонения:
  • Изъявительное (Indicative Mood)
  • Сослагательное (Subjunctive Mood)
  • Повелительное (Imperative Mood)


Изъявительное наклонение показывает, что говорящий рассматривает действие как реальный факт, предположение, желание, требование, побуждение, относящееся к настоящему, прошедшему или будущему:

My dad seldom makes pancakes. - Мой папа редко печёт блины. (говорящий полагает, что это факт)



Изъявительное наклонение выражает наличие или отсутствие объективного действия, в пределах того или другого времени.
Различные отношения субъекта к этому действию им не определяются и передаются уже другими наклонениями. Например:
I wish you luck. (Indicative Mood) - Желаю тебе удачи.
I wish I were you. (Subjunctive Mood) - Жаль, что я - не ты.



Дополнительные примеры предложений в изъявительном наклонении:

I have never been to London. (Present Perfect) - Я никогда не был в Лондоне.

We are going downtown. (Present Continuous) - Мы едем (поедем) в центр города.

I know you were studying at University of Cambridge for 4 years . (Present Indefinite & Past Continuous) -
Я знаю, что ты 4 года училась в Кэмбриджском университете.



Make up own example and print it into the form below.