Grammar & Vocabulary Practice
A. Раздел 3 (задание по грамматике и лексике)
Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами B4–B15 так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию B4–B15.
|B4||The student asked for permission to leave the classroom.||PERMIT|
|B5||Steven’s contribution to the discussion received everyone’s approval||CONTRIBUTE, DISCUSS, APPROVE|
|B6||Many car rental companies have increased their rates this summer.||RENT|
|B7||The student was given back her assignment as it was obvious no time had been spent in its preparation and it bore no relation to the subject.||PREPARE, RELATE|
|B8||Worried that everyone would be bored, Sally was hesitant to give a highly descriptive account on her holiday.||HESITATE, DECRIBE|
|B9||Sandra chose aerobics because she doesn’t like competitive sports.||COMPETE|
|B10||He’s got such an impressive collection of fine art.||IMPRESS, COLLECT|
|B11||Addition is one of the simplest calculations.||ADD, CALCULATE|
|B12||It took a lot of persuasion to get Kevin to write to his mother, as there had been little communication between them for many years.||PERSUADE, COMMUNICATE|
|B13||As the students were tired, they were not very receptive to the teacher’s explanation of the theory.||RECEIVE, EXPLAIN|
|B14||Many animals are inactive during the daytime and hunt during the night.||ACT|
|B15||I find it difficult to be objective about matters that concern me.||OBJECT|
Theory: Linking words
B. Remember the following linking words below
Выучите наизусть нижеследующие связующие слова.
As well as
In addition to
In a nutshell
The former, ... the latter
Firstly, secondly, finally
The first point is
|Giving a reason
Due to / due to the fact that
Owing to / owing to the fact that
|Giving a result
This means that
As a result
Although / even though
Despite / despite the fact that
In spite of / in spite of the fact that
In theory... in practice...
C. Read the text.
Прочитайте нижеследующий текст и подумайте, какое слово больше всего подходит по смыслу в каждой пустой строке. Используйте слово только один раз.
Flowers grow everywhere in the world but when people think of tulips, they think of the Netherlands. The Dutch have a saying: “Flowers love people”. If this is true, then flowers really love the Dutch, (1) as flowers have been cultivated in the Netherlands for hundreds of years. (2) In fact, the flower industry has been so profitable that it has been boosting the Dutch economy since the seventeenth century.
Recently, (3) however, the Dutch flower growers have been having difficulties in coping with the tough competition from abroad. The Colombians, (4) for instance / for example, have taken the Dutch by surprise. Their flowers are now in demand all over the world (5) dueto the simple fact that they are cheaper. Within a few short years, Colombians have brought Holland’s domination of the flower industry to an end.
(6) Despite this fact, the Netherlands is still in control of over sixty per cent of the world’s flower market.
In order to help the Dutch growers, the European Commission has decided to promote the flower industry, as (7) long as the growers themselves are willing to cut costs and become more competitive. All this in the hope of making people buy more flowers than they used to.
Today the average Dutchman buys 150 stems a year, (8) whereas / while the Germans buy 80 stems and English only 50 stems. These numbers are constantly declining. (9) Unless this trend is reversed, (10) finally many Dutch growers will soon be out of business.
D. Read the text below.
Прочитайте текст "Why SLEEP is NECESSARY?" и подготовьтесь к обсуждению новости в группе. Выразите свое отношение к информации.
Why SLEEP is NECESSARY?
Thomas Edison, the inventor of the light bulb, thought that sleep was unnecessary and that a society that operated without sleep would be an ideal one. However, he was wrong. Nowadays, we are living in a society which is sleeping less than ever and this has resulted in many negative effects.
According to police reports, more than twenty five per cent of motorway accidents are directly and indirectly attributed to lack of sleep. It is true that people used to sleep nine hours a night, whereas today they sleep seven or even less. This is because our way of life has changed and we are trying to squeeze activities like watching television, shopping or going to the gym in our 24-hour day.
Lack of sleep also has a negative effect on our health. Research that has been carried out on animals continuously deprived of sleep has shown that they are likely to die. Of course, experiments of this kind are highly unlikely to be carried out on humans themselves. The longest period of wakefulness which broke the record was eleven days. This experiment showed that after a few days without sleep, the mind and body were unable to function normally.
To put it in a nutshell, the vast majority of us need an adequate amount of sleep, in every twenty-four-hour period.
E. Discuss the following statements and answer the questions.
1. Nowadays people sleep less than before.
2. Lack of sleep has a negative effect on our health.
3. It is necessary to sleep 8 or more hours a day.
4. Give a piece of advice how to sleep well.