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Анатолий
Анатольевич
Eфремов

Lesson 11

A. Read and learn the phrasal verbs and collocations.

take

take aback - to be greatly surprised or confused
take away - to remove
take down - to record something in writing
take for - to suppose wrongly to be
take in - to lead or carry indoors or into a room
take over - to win control of
take up - to continue an activity or speech after interruption

give

give away - to give someone a present or prize; give smth for free of charge
give for - to pay to obtain something
give down - to blow down; to analyze (study)
give in - to yield
give off - to send out (something, especially a liquid, gas, or smell)
give out - to come to an end
give over - to stop
give to - to supply, provide; spend time on something
give up - to stop doing something, get rid of something

pay

pay back - to return
pay in - to make a contribution
pay off - to settle up, count off
pay in - to make a contribution
pay out - to expend, make payment of, rope
pay over - to overpay, pay more than it costs
pay up - to settle up, redeem, extinguish

bring

bring about - to cause something
bring back - to take back
bring down - to carry or move (someone or something)
bring in - to introduce (an idea)
bring off - to succeed in something difficult
bring on - to cause something or someone to appear
bring out - to produce something
bring up - to educate, raise

 

Examination Practice

B. Choose the correct answer.

1. When the weather gets warmer, we'll _______ the chairs _______ and have tea in the garden.

a. take ... over
b. take ... away
c. take ... aback
d. take ... for

2. They were __________ by his unexpected appearance.

a. taken ... away
b. taken ... down
c. taken ... aback
d. taken ... off

3. I'll __________ the story where you left off.

a. take ... out
b. take ... down
c. take ... up
d. take ... away

4. I wanted the holiday abroad, but we've had to __________ the idea.

a. give ... away
b. give ... for
c. give ... up
d. give ... to

5. Send one of the boys to _________ the car __________.

a. bring ... in
b. bring ... out
c. bring ... back
d. bring ... down

6. Jim's plan seemed hopeless, but he __________ it __________.

a. brought ... off
b. brought ... out
c. brought ... in
d. brought ... back

 

Examination Practice

C. Fill in the correct particle or preposition in the following sentences.

1. She took down my telephone number.

2. Jenny took up the story when her sister forgot the next detail

3. Our soldiers have succeeded in taking over some important positions.

4. She gave away all the money to the poor.

5. What would you give me for this used car?

6. The old song certainly brings back memories.

7. The Food Association has brought out a handy guide.

 

Indicative Mood. (Изъявительное наклонение)

D. Read and learn Grammar topic.

Так же как, и в русском языке, в английском языке существует 3 наклонения:

  • Изъявительное (Indicative Mood)
  • Сослагательное (Subjunctive Mood)
  • Повелительное (Imperative Mood)

Изъявительное наклонение показывает, что говорящий рассматривает действие как реальный факт, предположение, желание, требование, побуждение, относящееся к настоящему, прошедшему или будущему:

My dad seldom makes pancakes. - Мой папа редко печёт блины. (говорящий полагает, что это факт)

Изъявительное наклонение выражает наличие или отсутствие объективного действия, в пределах того или другого времени.

Различные отношения субъекта к этому действию им не определяются и передаются уже другими наклонениями. Например:

I wish you luck. - Желаю тебе удачи. //Изъявительное наклонение

I wish I were you. - Жаль, что я - не ты. //Сослагательное наклонение

Дополнительные примеры предложений в изъявительном наклонении:

I have never been to London. (Present Perfect) - Я никогда не был в Лондоне.

I know you were studying at University of Cambridge for 4 years. (Present Indefinite & Past Continuous) - Я знаю, что ты 4 года училась в Кэмбриджском университете.